- Mr. Mohammad Ali Saeedi (Assistant Professor of Law Department, Razavi University of Islamic sciences)
- Mr. Hossein Soleimani (Assistant Professor of Religious Studies Department, University of Religions)
The great similarity between the Jewish and Islamic legal systems in criminal policy, the definition of the death penalty, the quality of executions, and even the functioning of the Jewish and Islamic Priesthood have led some to believe that Islamic law has adopted Jewish law in the death penalty.
For judgment about it, the two major systems must be studied in a comparative manner in criminal penalties. Comparative studies in these two religions show In general, Islam endorses Judaism in many execution laws, and in many other executions, such as animal executions, rude juvenile executions, and non-Jewish executions, it is completely against the Jewish law.
In fact, Islamic law does not merely establish a system independent of Jewish law but merely reform it. These Islamic reforms to Jewish law are often in the details, and have usually lowered the penalties. A comparative study of "Executions in Jewish and Islamic Law" yields new and interesting findings from both religions that may not have been explored by scholars of both religions.
The present book studies the foundations and criminal purposes of the Jewish and Islamic law for the death penalty, by using the Torah and the Talmud, and Islamic sources, including the Qur'an and Jawaher al-Kalam.